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APEC Food Security Policies Survey—Short Version


Thank you for your interest

Asia BioBusiness Pte. Ltd. has been commissioned by the APEC Secretariat’s Policy Support Unit (PSU) to conduct a study on the current status of Food Security policies in member economies. We have been asked to consider definitions, policies and interventions that address food security and to identify areas where action may be required. Member economies have been asked to respond to a survey that can be found at this page:

You are welcome to respond to this survey BUT we recognize that this may take a fair bit of time. Instead we have prepared a shorter version where we can get your opinion / perceptions of the attitudes / actions of your economy on the food security issue.

The shortened version of the survey can be found here:

APEC Food Security Survey Short Version…

Please fill in the survey for your economy (country) or any that you have experience working in. Any input is much appreciated. There are pull down menus to aid your response and a section where you are free to add any comments of information that you feel is relevant.

Please press the SUBMIT button within Acrobat reader once the survey has been filled in and the contents will be automatically sent to the acrobat server. You can, alternatively, email the PDF once saved to either of the addresses below.

Should you need further clarification on any of the items on the questionnaire, or would like to now more about this project or Asia BioBusiness, please do not hesitate to contact us at the following: -

Dr Andrew D Powell

  • Email: adpowell [at]
  • Mobile No: +65 97615596
  • via the contact page at this website


Dr Margarita Escaler De Leon

  • Email: mescaler [at]
  • Mobile No: +65 92708442

Some more information is below…

Food Security Policies in APEC


The APEC region represents a mixed group of economies with varying food and nutrition needs. Some economies continue to experience widespread hunger and poverty, with the rural poor still dependent on subsistence agriculture and the urban poor exposed to hunger due to rising food prices. Other economies are undergoing rapid transformation resulting in changes in food demand and diet diversification. At the other extreme, some economies with higher per capita incomes have consumers that are demanding healthier diets and more sustainable food-production systems. As a result of such diversity, approaches to food security vary significantly from one economy to another resulting in a mix of policies that may conflict with those of other economies.

Thus, to complement APEC’s ongoing work towards a comprehensive and unified Food System approach (i.e. APEC Food System) that promotes food security throughout the region, it is first necessary to map out and understand the food security needs and priorities of each member economy. Because of the 2007- 2008 food crisis and current food price instability, food security has become a major political concern among many APEC economies. Rising food prices have resulted in intense political discussions at both regional and domestic levels, and have resulted in new policy responses that have tried to address their negative impacts on vulnerable sectors of society. It is only by understanding what is taking place on the ground, and doing cross-country analyses that APEC can formulate a unified approach at a regional level that will address food security more effectively. While it recognizes the challenges of ensuring food security in the region and acknowledges the political and cultural sensitivity of food, APEC is well positioned to help improve regional and global food security. APEC members account for half of world’s grain production and include major exporters and importers of agricultural products.


In order to gain a deeper understanding of the various issues associated with food security policies within the APEC region, the APEC Policy Support Unit (APEC PSU), through Asia Biobusiness Pte. Ltd., Singapore, has commissioned a survey that is to be completed by each member economy.

The full survey is at

Given today’s challenges and the complexity of factors affecting food security, a generalized concept of food security consisting simply of supply and demand is no longer adequate for planning anticipatory and response strategies. A more comprehensive approach is required, one that is broader in scope and one that takes into consideration all four basic dimensions of food security: availability, physical access, economic access and utilization. This survey is purposely built around these four dimensions:

  • ‘Availability’ refers to the physical presence of adequate food supplies which is determined by the level of food production, stock levels, food aid and/or net trade
  • ‘Physical Access’ means an adequate amount of food must be within the physical reach of vulnerable households, whether through their own production or through the marketplace
  • ‘Economic Access’ refers to the ability of the household to purchase the food it requires
  • ‘Utilization’ refers to the nutritional status of an individual and is determined by the quantity and

quality of dietary intake, general child care and feeding practices, food preparation, food storage, along with health status and its determinants. This dimension includes aspects such as food safety, nutrition and household treatment of food.